The hottest prospect of WTO packaging products ind

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WTO: prospects of packaging products industry (Part I)

opportunities and challenges coexist after China's entry into WTO. As a raw material with high starting point and high delivery, the impact on unemployment will be more obvious. As a packaging enterprise of supporting industry, the opportunities brought by China's entry into WTO will far outweigh the impact. Because enterprises face the threat of imported packaging directly, and the reduction of tariffs on imported raw materials and machinery and equipment is conducive to the development of packaging enterprises and bring greater profit space; More foreign companies will invest and set up factories in China, which will bring new opportunities to China's packaging industry, including heavy metals, preservatives, toughening agents, etc. However, at the same time, it should be noted that there are still great deficiencies in product quality and design in China's packaging industry. If the majority of small and medium-sized enterprises with low technology cannot take this opportunity to expand their strength, bankruptcy is inevitable

with the accession to the WTO and the reduction of tariffs, the prices of imported machinery and equipment and raw materials have also come down. The complete abolition of the import approval system has also reduced the sales links of imported raw materials and made the prices more transparent. Enterprises of a certain scale can apply for import and export rights, which is also a blessing for large enterprises

material cost is the main component of packaging product cost. The cost of materials usually accounts for about 70% of the cost of the whole product. Therefore, China's entry into WTO is definitely good news for the packaging industry, but it is not so optimistic for raw material enterprises

paper and paper packaging

paper packaging is the packaging product with the largest consumption in the world. The verification regulation of non-metallic tensile force, pressure and universal material testing machine is mainly aimed at small load testing machines (mechanical sine pendulum testing machines have been gradually eliminated by electronic testing machines). The same is true in China

in 2000, the total production of industrial paper and paperboard in China was 30.9 million tons, an increase of 4.4% over the previous year, and the total consumption reached 36.2 million tons. However, the per capita consumption is only half of the world's per capita consumption, and the gap is larger than that of developed countries

for a long time, China has imported a large number of paper, paperboard and papermaking raw materials. However, different from ordinary people's imagination, in recent years, although the absolute amount of China's paper and paperboard imports is still growing, the range has fallen, and since 1999, China's paper and paperboard imports have shown negative growth. In 2000, 5.972 million tons were imported, a decrease of 8.4% over 1999. In 2001, imports continued to show a downward trend, with 370 paper and paperboard imported from January to August. 20000 tons, a decrease of 10.27% over the same period last year

the decline in imports is mainly due to the increase in domestic production. At present, the main new units in the world are mainly concentrated in China

from this year, the tariff on wood, paper and their products in China will drop to 8.9%. It is reported that by 2003, the tariff on most paper and paperboard will drop to 5%. With the adjustment of tariffs, the import volume of paper and paperboard in China is expected to increase this year. For the packaging raw material industry, the impact on paper-making enterprises will be far less than expected. Although China is highly dependent on the import of pulp and waste paper, the tax rate structure of China's pulp and paper products has been adjusted in the past few years, in which the import tax rate of pulp and waste paper has been reduced to zero, creating conditions for helping domestic paper mills to reduce production costs. Therefore, after China's entry into WTO, it will have little impact on the import of pulp and waste paper

a large number of foreign-funded enterprises will enter China with China's accession to the WTO. They will bring new technologies, design concepts and quality standards while putting forward packaging needs. All these will promote the enthusiasm for technological transformation and the development and innovation ability of China's papermaking and paper packaging enterprises

Plastic raw materials and packaging

plastic resin, as the raw material of chemical plants, will be severely impacted after China's entry into WTO

there are many kinds of resins commonly used in plastic packaging industry, including PE, pet, PS, PVC, PVDC, nylon, etc

compared with foreign large multinational companies, the technical equipment level of most plastic resin production enterprises in China is at a disadvantage. The scale of enterprises is small, and the implementation and utilization of product models and projects are less effective in saving oil resources and reducing environmental pollution. Originally, the domestic market was full of a large number of imported plastic raw materials. With the reduction of tariffs, the external impact will be more intense

the tariff concessions of China's major petrochemical products after China's accession to the WTO are as follows:

the current tariff rate of goods ranking first in the same industry nationwide (%) the tariff rate of the WTO Agreement (%) the specified year of implementation

ethylene 52 2003

polyethylene 186.5 2008

polypropylene 166.5 2008

polystyrene 166.5 2008

synthetic resin 166.5 2008

(to be continued)

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