The hottest provides new momentum for the developm

2022-09-27
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Provide new kinetic energy for the development and utilization of natural resources

How can geological work adapt to the "climate change" in which the global mining industry is still in "winter"? How to adapt to the "changes of the times" in the transformation of land and resources management institutions into natural resources management institutions? How to serve and support the development and utilization of natural resources, the construction of ecological civilization, high-quality economic development and a better life for the people? The author believes that we should be brave in innovation, dare to take responsibility, provide new momentum and make new contributions

innovate geological prospecting and exploration work to provide new guarantee for the sustainable development and utilization of natural resources and high-quality economic development

mineral resources are an important material basis for economic and social development, and geological prospecting and exploration work is the basis and guarantee for the development of mineral resources. In accordance with the deployment requirements of the strategic action plan for mineral exploration breakthroughs in Fujian Province (), Fujian Provincial Bureau of Geology and mineral resources has carefully organized the implementation. By the end of 2017, a total of 709 million yuan has been invested in geological prospecting and exploration, and remarkable results have been achieved in the prospecting work. 63 new ore producing areas have been found, including 19 large-scale mineral areas, mainly including gold, silver, copper, iron, tungsten, lead and zinc, rare earth, coal, fluorite, pyrophyllite, kaolin, limestone, etc, The proved potential economic value of various mineral resources is more than 200billion yuan, making a positive contribution to the economic and social development of Fujian Province. At the same time, there are also problems in geological prospecting, such as decreasing investment year by year, lack of incentive system, brain drain, abandonment of mines and business

at present, the economy of Fujian Province is in the stage of changing from high-speed growth to high-quality development, which puts forward new and higher requirements for the supply of mineral resources. Geological prospecting work should face the deep adjustment of the global mining pattern and the reality that China is a major producer and consumer of mineral products, earnestly implement the new development concept, adhere to the sustainable development and utilization of natural resources and high-quality economic development, and comprehensively improve the supply quality and efficiency in the direction of the supply side structural reform of mineral resources; We should take the goal as the guide, practically use the limited geological exploration funds on the cutting edge, speed up the pace of 1:50000 mineral geological survey, and delineate key prospecting target areas; It is necessary to change the traditional concept of prospecting, innovate working ideas, break through difficulties, be brave in reform, and strive to implement deep prospecting, intelligent prospecting, and precise prospecting. Focus on three target prospecting: first, target strategic emerging industries, mainly rare earth, tungsten, lithium, titanium, nickel, vanadium, molybdenum, tantalum, niobium, indium, germanium, gallium, zirconium, cobalt and other rare metals, silver, platinum group elements and other precious metals, silicon, boron, graphite, kaolin, diamond and other non-metallic minerals, shale gas, natural gas hydrate and other clean new energy, Provide new mineral raw materials and energy guarantee for the rise of strategic emerging industries in Fujian. The second is to target the big health industry, mainly including hot springs, mineral water and selenium, zinc, strontium, molybdenum and germanium rich in "health factor minerals" in cultivated land, so as to inject fresh blood into characteristic health care, characteristic agriculture, characteristic tourism, targeted poverty alleviation, Rural Revitalization and a better life for the people. The third is to target traditional industries, mainly gold, copper, aluminum, iron, coal, oil and gas, and make new contributions to the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries in Fujian Province

innovate the prevention and control of geological disasters, and build a new platform for scientific decision-making in disaster prevention, mitigation and relief.

geological disasters not only threaten the safety of people's lives and property, but also restrict the high-quality economic development. The geological conditions of the "eight mountains" in Fujian Province, the climatic conditions of rainy and rainstorm, the frontal attack of typhoons every year, the development and utilization of natural resources, and the peak period of engineering construction, "the superposition of five factors" causes geological disasters such as landslides and debris flows to occur frequently. In the past defense against strong typhoons, heavy rainfall and other natural disasters, Fujian Province has done a good job in the standardization of the new material industry. Experts from the Bureau of Geology and mineral resources can accurately predict landslides and debris flows, remind the local government to transfer the masses in advance, and avoid casualties. At the same time, there are also some problems in the prevention and control of geological disasters, such as administrative decision-making and expert opinions, surprise prevention and long-term governance, and the disharmony and inconsistency between engineering construction and technical services

in the new era, geological work should always implement the idea of "taking the people as the center", adhere to the principle of developing and utilizing natural resources and monitoring and governance at the same time, give full play to professional advantages, innovate working mechanisms, take the initiative to serve the front, and build a new platform for the scientific decision-making of disaster prevention, mitigation and disaster relief of local Party committees and governments and natural resource management departments. First, scientific investigation and evaluation platform. With the "National Key Laboratory for geological disaster prevention and control" as the engine, strengthen the research on the disaster mechanism and disaster risk analysis of complex mountains, especially strengthen the regular research on the impact of earthquakes, strong typhoons, rainstorms, major engineering construction, natural resource development and other geological disasters. Improve the norms and standards of geological disaster investigation and evaluation and risk assessment, and conduct a comprehensive investigation and evaluation of the surrounding geological disaster risks in densely populated areas, drinking water sources, important military and civilian facilities, etc. The second is the monitoring and early warning platform. The use of satellite positioning, unmanned aerial vehicles, laser detection, IOT and other advanced technical means to implement a comprehensive assessment, analysis, monitoring and early warning of disaster areas, disaster points and potential disaster points. For the canyon areas prone to landslides, flash floods and debris flows in the upper reaches of densely populated areas such as towns, villages, schools, hospitals and shopping malls, professional monitoring equipment for geological disasters should be deployed intensively to strengthen monitoring and prediction, so as to provide scientific basis for local disaster prevention and reduction work. Third, professional prevention and control platform. With experts and professional teams as the backbone, we will carry out key detailed surveys, regular surveys and dynamic inspections of disaster prone areas and potential disaster points. Prepare geological disaster prevention and control plans and protection standards, and improve technical requirements and procedures for geological disaster control engineering exploration, design, construction, supervision, risk assessment, etc. Combine the prevention and control of geological disasters with poverty alleviation and development, rural revitalization, reservoir resettlement, new rural construction, small town construction and other work, and actively promote the relocation and avoidance of people in geological disaster risk areas. We will strive to implement professional engineering management for the hidden dangers of geological disasters that are difficult to be relocated and avoided at the moment. Fourth, the emergency consultation platform. Comprehensively collect geological disaster data, scientifically sort out, analyze and summarize, establish a "Fujian geological disaster big data center", build a geological disaster monitoring and early warning, emergency rescue consultation mechanism and information release platform, and provide accurate prediction, early warning, prediction and rescue basis for local Party committees and governments and natural resources management departments. At the same time, it is equipped with advanced equipment such as geophysical exploration drilling, high-power water pumps and life detection, so as to strengthen the geological disaster emergency rescue drill and strive to improve the rescue capacity

On June 16, 2018, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued the "opinions on Comprehensively Strengthening ecological environment protection and resolutely fighting the battle of pollution prevention and control" because of its good processability, excellent dimensional stability, excellent creep resistance and long-term sustainability, which sounded the horn of the "three major defense wars" of blue sky, clear water and pure land. Blue sky, clear water and pure land are the external manifestations of the earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere, and are the key to maintaining the natural resources of "mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grasses". In essence, it belongs to the category of geological environment, which is not only the due meaning of geological work, but also the responsibility and obligation. In recent years, according to the deployment requirements of the national ecological civilization pilot area (Fujian), Fujian Provincial Bureau of Geology and mineral resources has actively participated in the investigation of some agricultural land pollution and groundwater pollution, as well as the pollution control of mining land of some key factories and the restoration and treatment of mine environment, so as to make contributions to the comprehensive management of land and ecological restoration. At the same time, there are also problems such as low initiative, low participation, low proportion, unclear concept, unclear goal and so on

in the new era, geological work should resolutely implement the decision-making and deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, consciously serve the construction of ecological civilization, focus on the natural resource monitoring and management goal of "mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grasses", give full play to the advantages of talent team and testing equipment, innovate work content, actively integrate, dare to take responsibility, and make new contributions to supporting the "three defense wars"

first, in terms of investigation, evaluation and monitoring, take the initiative to make new breakthroughs in the fields of automobile, high-speed rail, aviation and industrial utilization, and undertake the investigation, evaluation and monitoring of geological environment pollution, including water source pollution, urban groundwater pollution, river basin pollution, coastal sea area pollution, rural residential environment pollution, livestock and poultry dung pollution, agricultural land pollution Pollution of construction land, soil pollution of land used by key enterprises, pollution of industrial hazardous waste, etc

second, in terms of comprehensive land improvement and ecological restoration, actively participate in the treatment of geological environment pollution, including the treatment of geological environment pollution such as water source pollution, urban groundwater pollution, river basin pollution, coastal sea area pollution, rural residential environment pollution, livestock manure pollution, agricultural land pollution, construction land pollution, land pollution of key enterprises, industrial hazardous waste pollution, and comprehensive treatment of water and soil loss, Geological environment restoration and treatment of mines and abandoned mines, etc

third, actively participate in relevant work in natural resource utilization and ecological environment protection planning, including the delimitation of "three red lines" of ecological protection red line, environmental quality bottom line and natural resource utilization online, the delimitation of "three control lines" of ecological protection line, permanent basic farmland and urban development boundary, and the delimitation of natural reserves with national parks as the main body

innovate urban geological work and provide new schemes for the development and utilization of urban underground natural resources

urban underground land and space are an important part of natural resources. Strengthening urban geological work is an important measure to implement the strategic deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, a prerequisite for the rational development and utilization of urban underground natural resources, an urgent need to optimize the urban spatial structure, build a beautiful city and improve the livable level of the city, and an important support for the construction of "smart city". In 2008, Fujian Provincial Bureau of Geology and mineral resources took the lead in launching urban geological work in the country, completed work in Xiamen, Fuzhou, Quanzhou and Pingtan comprehensive experimental areas, and applied the results to urban planning and construction such as subway and underground comprehensive pipelines. It was the first to establish the "urban geological work exhibition hall (Xiamen)" in the country, providing the "Fujian plan" for the country. However, there are also limitations in urban geological work, such as simple content, single elements, not deep investigation and low accuracy

at present, Fujian Province is accelerating the construction of a new pattern of coordinated development zones led by Fuzhou and Xiamen, which will drive the southeast and southwest urban agglomerations of Fujian. Fujian geological work should focus on the center, serve the overall situation, establish strategic thinking, compare with international standards, give full play to professional advantages, innovate working methods, and fully serve and support the development, utilization and management of urban underground space resources

first, carry out comprehensive urban geological survey. Learn from the experience of international urban underground space development and utilization, and improve the cognitive level of urban underground land, resources, environment and space; Carry out a comprehensive and in-depth investigation of urban geological resources, environment, space, ownership, etc., and drill 50-100 meters, or even 150 meters underground on the basis of the original exploration of urban geology; Implement multi parameter and multi-objective comprehensive investigation, build a three-dimensional urban structure model, resource and environment monitoring and early warning network, and geological information

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