The hottest made in China has climbed to a higher

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"Made in China" has climbed to a higher value chain, and exports have formed a diversified pattern

at the 2014 Hannover communication and Information Technology Expo, China became the largest exhibitor outside Germany with nearly 700 exhibitors. The picture shows that the composite materials obtained by the participating delegates during their visit to Chinese enterprises all reflect high electromagnetic shielding performance. Photo by Zhang Fan of Xinhua News Agency

as small as a button, as large as a hydraulic turbine unit, manufacturing industry represents the well-being of people's livelihood and comprehensive national strength. China has the ability to transform innovative designs into reliable and reasonably priced manufactured goods. This is the uniqueness of China compared with developed countries

exports have formed a diversified pattern

McGill is a taxi driver in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Although he is far away in East Africa, his daily life is closely related to China: he uses Huawei, wears clothes made in China, and is a loyal fan made in China. Cheap and durable, this is the label he attached to made in China when talking with him

during the interview in Africa in 2002, it was noted that from Morocco to Algeria, from Cameroon to South Africa, except for the occasional billboards of Chinese companies, there are few Chinese goods on the market. That is, more than 10 years, the situation is completely different. From stall goods to high-end goods, made in China is almost all over Africa, with a wide market and a large sales volume

Europeans and Americans seem to be familiar with made in China earlier than Africans, including clothing, shoes and hats, tourist souvenirs, and electronic products. If you carefully compare and observe, from these dazzling Chinese goods, it is not difficult to find a very important feature: in recent years, made in China has begun to develop to the high end in some countries such as the United States, the proportion of clothes, shoes and hats has declined, and electronic and household electrical appliances have gradually entered the U.S. market. Chinese independent brands such as Haier refrigerators and Hisense TVs, which lead the development of the industry, have appeared in large chain stores in the United States. John, an American, told him that he had just bought one not long ago. It was not Apple or Samsung, but ZTE. It was very convenient to use it to type and send and receive emails

the export of Chinese products has formed a diversified pattern. After joining the World Trade Organization in 2001, made in China has accumulated a lot and accelerated the pace of entering the world market. The export of labor-intensive products such as clothing is booming, and the cake of high value-added products such as ships and machine tools is growing in the world market. In 2010, China surpassed the United States as the world's largest manufacturing country, which is undoubtedly a huge business opportunity. Sergey savinsky, a doctor of the international finance center of the Institute of finance of the Russian Ministry of Finance and an expert on Chinese economic issues, said: This is not easy. You know, the United States has been ahead in this field for more than a hundred years

not only rely on cost advantages

with the deepening of China's opening to the outside world, the export-oriented characteristics of manufacturing industry are becoming more and more obvious. There is public concern that made in China has swallowed up the market share of many countries and robbed others of their jobs. For this reason, trade protection and disputes against China's export products occur from time to time. Ma Chunji, chairman and Secretary of the Party committee of China National Heavy Duty Truck Group, said that in the process of developing the international market, China National Heavy Duty Truck often encountered trade barriers and trade protection from other countries

there will be some crowding out effect, which is the case in market economy. Li Xiaohua, a researcher at the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said frankly that China's manufacturing industry has such a high market share in the world, which depends not only on cost advantages. China has the ability to transform innovative designs into reliable and reasonably priced manufactured goods. This is the uniqueness of China compared with developed countries. With one product and one prototype, China can carry out large-scale production quickly and at a low cost, and can better integrate world resources for processing and manufacturing

photovoltaic industry is a vivid example. Polysilicon furnaces come from American enterprises, components from DuPont, and senior managers from foreign leading photovoltaic enterprises. China integrates the resources of the world to form made in China

today's manufacturing industry is a pattern of global division of labor and vertical division of labor in the value chain. Many manufacturing production activities are you and me. Li Xiaohua said that this unique capability of China's manufacturing industry can bring opportunities and markets to the countries where upstream and downstream enterprises are located

technological innovation is an important way out

at present, China's manufacturing industry continues to climb to a higher level of the industrial chain, and the export volume of high-tech products is growing day by day. According to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, in 2012 and 2013, the export volume of China's high-tech products reached US $601.2 billion and US $660.3 billion respectively, an increase of 9.6% and 9.8% over the previous year

Ma Chunji told that in 2013, China's heavy truck exported 24000 heavy trucks, of which heavy truck products that met the Euro 5 standard created a precedent for China's heavy truck batch to enter developed regions. At present, sinotruk has established marketing bases in more than 40 countries and regions around the world, and its products are exported to more than 90 countries and regions. It has the market capacity to export 35000 heavy-duty vehicles a year

The change of export commodity structure reflects the development and changes of China's manufacturing industry in the new era. The United States and other developed countries are leading in high-end manufacturing, while China is at the middle end and climbing to a higher value chain, while labor-intensive manufacturing is shifting to countries and regions with lower labor costs. Martin Bailey, a senior researcher at the Brookings Institution, said in an interview

in recent years, some people believe that China's demographic dividend has declined, labor costs have risen, and the advantages of labor-intensive industries have faded. Li Xiaohua believes that this is not necessarily the case. He said that stable political environment, perfect infrastructure, labor force with certain quality and the support of industrial supporting facilities are the conditions for realizing industrial transfer. From these factors, it is difficult for countries in Southeast Asia, Latin America and other regions to completely replace China in the short term. Take the clothing industry in Vietnam as an example. In 2012, Vietnam's net export of clothing was 13.46 billion US dollars, but the net import of textile industry has stimulated the cooperation of this expertise and products to exceed 5 billion US dollars. Vietnam's raw materials can't keep up, and needles and thread are imported, while China's industrial system is relatively perfect

some analysts believe that although the advantages are still there, the challenges faced by China's manufacturing industry cannot be ignored. On the one hand, China needs to carefully deal with some of the price advantages lost due to the rise in labor prices. On the other hand, the world economy and trade have not yet fundamentally warmed up, and the export pressure has increased. The endogenous driving force has become the source of China's sustainable economic development. Therefore, technological innovation has become an important outlet for the future development of China's manufacturing industry

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI